Most important excavations are the result of a prepared plan—that is to say, their purpose is to locate buried evidence about an archaeological site.Many are project oriented, as, for example, when a scholar studying the life of the pre-Roman, Celtic-speaking.Hilda was to have female company this winter: Beatrice Orme came with them, and Miss Lawes, one of Petrie's students, was to draw the pottery. Their first camp was at Abadiya opposite Dishna; four cemeteries were dug between Semaina and Sheikh 'Ali; the region had been superficially plundered already by the Qurnawi dealers but some hundreds ofpots, stone vases and other grave goods were found.On rest days Hilda and Beatrice hired horses and rode into market at Sheikh 'Ali, or out into the desert; every working day they were kept busy marking bones, copying potmarks, and drawing.Petrie was debarred from digging in the temple area by a local landowner who claimed the land as his; this was clearly untrue-all land containing obvious antiquities was Government property and 250 FLINDERS PETRIE might not be cultivated or built over-but he found so much of importance in the cemeteries behind and around the town that he was content to concentrate on tomb-digging.
Petrie was particularly in the areas of ancient measures, and Egyptology. Petrie's father, William, was a Civil Engineer and professional surveyor. As a teenager, Petrie began to survey historical sites and buildings across England.
But many excavations, particularly in the heavily populated areas of central and northern Europe, are done not from choice but from necessity.
Gravel digging, clearing the ground for airports, quarrying, road widening and building, the construction of houses, factories, and public buildings frequently threaten the destruction of sites known to contain archaeological remains.
A hundred cases were by this time already packed and ready for dispatch.
Hu (sometimes spelt Huw or Hiw) was once the capital ofa nome; its Greek name was Diospolis Parva.